Unless you were born in the 60s, you must have surely heard of, seen or even played one of the most acclaimed, controversial and addictive video games of our time… yes, none other than Grand Theft Auto. This title has far exceeded the reputation of just a video game. It has become a phenomenon and under its dark, crime-filled plot, characters and the world, it is a bitter sarcasm aimed at the modern civilized societies, especially those in the West.
Anyways, regardless of the difference in opinion about the game, we can agree on the fact that it is undoubtedly a hugely popular and successful video game franchise. GTA 5 posters are unique for their illustrative style. Although I mostly shoot cityscapes and landscapes, this creative style appealed to me. So I wanted to give it a shot and see how I could achieve a similar look in my portraits.
Lighting Setup: For the GTA Look
To be honest, I did not spend any time trying to decipher the look of GTA portraits, especially the lighting. But anyone who has ample experience working with multiple strobe/speedlight setups can quickly understand that the lighting setup for these GTA portraits consists of a key light, likely a bare flash or strobe perhaps in a softbox with an egg crate as shown in figure A.
Studio photographers who shoot portraits of athletes commonly use a directional lighting setup to make their subject stand out and give them that hard, tough and badass look. Joel Grimes is a master at it. Here is a typical lighting setup that Joel uses for his sports studio portraits.
As you can notice in the photo above, the grids on the softboxes give off a directional light that creates the beautiful rim around the arms and face of the subject. It’s hard but not harsh. This is very similar to GTA posters, see below.
So if you are interested in achieving the authentic GTA look, go for the lighting setup shown in figure A.
Lighting Setup: Poor Man’s Umbrella
In my case, I only had one Canon flash behind a medium size white umbrella placed camera left as shown in figure B. The shot was never intended for this purpose and it was just an outdoor family gathering where I happened to have a borrowed Canon 5D Mk II AND a borrowed Canon speedlight. Of course, the model was also borrowed (it’s my creative younger brother).
Here is the SOOC (straight out of the camera) image. Can you see the umbrella on the top left? I’m sure you can.
GTA5 Post-Processing: The Starting Point
We are living in exciting times for photography and videography. Digital camera technology available today is truly magical and a lot can be done with it. Combine it with some serious Lightroom and Photoshop experience and the whole game changes. The dynamic range available on all modern DSLRs, mirrorless cameras etc. is nothing short of extraordinary. So it’s a good idea to always shoot in RAW to be able to harness that potential in post-processing.
Examining GTA5 posters closely, I noticed that it has defined shadows and detailed highlights. Luckily, getting close to that base look takes just a few seconds in Adobe Camera Raw or Lightroom. All I did was move the highlight slider to -100 and shadows slider to +100 (see figure C).
Doing that helped me recover maximum details from my 5D mark II raw file in both the highlight and shadow areas, which is very important for this look. Here is what I got after those basic adjustments.
If you’d like, feel free to download my exact ACR settings from the link below:
Pushing the highlights to -100 for maximum highlight recovery reduces image contrast significantly and makes the subject look flat and dull. So I used adjustment brush in ACR to selectively increase contrast on the model as shown below.
The image is now ready for more detailed post-processing work in Photoshop. On a side note, the image has also started to resemble the signature look of Adrian Sommeling’s work although we haven’t done much yet. Now isn’t that a bargain?
GTA5 Post-processing: The Magic Touches
Cleaning up: The first thing I wanted to do after opening the file in Photoshop was cleaning up distracting elements, some of which in this case were the umbrella, people in the background and trash. I used a combination of clone stamp, content-aware fill, and spot healing brush tools in Photoshop to clean up my composition.
Contrast: I wanted to emphasize on the model so using Nik Viveza, I applied some global contrast to my taste. I also boosted the sky to mimic a blue GND filter. You can easily get the same results using Curves, Levels and Gradient adjustment layers in Photoshop.
Vignette: To further focus attention on the model, I applied a vignette effect using Nik Color Efex Pro. Depending on your lighting setup, background color, ambient light and even the model’s clothes, you may or may not even need to emphasize your subject using vignette. But if you do, you can easily do it even in Photoshop. No need for any plugins.
Here is what the image looked like after applying the above adjustments in Photoshop.
Painting Shadows & Highlights: One of the defining characteristics of GTA5 posters is the emphasized shadows and highlights. To get that look, I started with burning the shadows.
First, I created a new layer filled with 50% gray and set the blending mode to Soft Light. Using an appropriate brush size, I started to paint on the layer with black. Make a note that when using the brush tool, you can vary its intensity by adjusting the opacity of the brush. I usually start with a brush opacity of 10% or 20%. To intensify the effect, I paint over and over while keeping the same opacity.
After finishing with the shadows, I wanted to emphasize the highlights as well. So I changed the color of my brush to white and started painting on the same layer. My brush opacity remained between 10 – 20% but I varied the brush size as needed. Here is what my dodge and burn layer looked like after painting.
You can notice smaller strokes on the chin, nose and eye areas. It’s a good idea to highlight these areas to focus on the face and add dimension and pop. Notice the white and almost black brush strokes on the arms to exaggerate the 3D effect, which helped me add an illustration-style touch. Here is what the image looked like with the painted shadows and highlights. Much better already… yeah!
Black outline: Another visual feature of GTA5 posters is a stroke around the subjects in the frame. This can be done as per your taste. I went with painting a rather thick and dark stroke around the border of the model, for two reasons. Firstly, because it’s an image with millions of shades of colors unlike a hand drawn sketch with solid blocks of colors, so a thick stroke is what I needed to add adequate weight and effect to the image. A thin stroke would not have been visible. Second reason to go with a thick stroke was that the background is dark and busy.
To create the stroke, I made a new layer with 50% gray, blending mode set to Soft Light. With the brush tool in the appropriate size, I painted along the border of the model in black color. Here is what my stroke layer looks like when switched to Normal blending mode. Note: make sure your stroke layer is set to Soft Light mode.
The resulting image with the black outline looks like this.
Color Balance & Color Contrast: As my model was outdoors sitting on grass, the image seemed to have greenish tint. I could have corrected it in ACR but it wasn’t very obvious before. Nothing to worry because Photoshop layers can do the same.
To minimize the green tint, I applied a Color Balance adjustment layer (figure D). Also, the sky looked pale and was blending with the grass. Magenta creates a beautiful contrast with green so I changed the sky color using a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer (figure D).
Contrast & White balance: The contrast on the model is low and even though he was wearing a white shirt, it looks grayish. To correct the low contrast, I created a Levels adjustment layer with the selection of my model and pushed the white point inwards (figure E).
The white t-shirt had an unpleasant blue tint which needed to be corrected. Using a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer with the selection of my model, I decreased the saturation of the blues to neutralize the tint. There are many ways to remove or minimize tint and color cast in Photoshop and you don’t have to follow the same method as shown here.
With all the above adjustments applied, the image looks a lot better now. The sky does look beautiful in contrast to the green grass now.
Final Touches & GTA5 logo: As far as post-processing is concerned, I think the image is looking great. Now the last thing to do is add the GTA5 logo and we are done. The logo was easy to get from google and placement in Photoshop was done using drag & drop, as a Smart Object. I went with a high-resolution PNG of the GTA5 logo because it had a transparent background, making it ideal for adding drop shadow effect in Photoshop.
To create a drop shadow effect on the logo, I duplicated the logo layer, rasterized it and applied a Gaussian blur to it to make it softer. Then I offset the layer downwards and to the right of the logo layer on top. Finally, I added a layer mask to the shadow layer and painted the areas with a black brush where I didn’t like the shadow to appear and adjusted the opacity of the shadow layer to taste. I also added another Levels adjustment layer to further brighten my model selectively using a layer mask. Here is the final image.
The above shot looks great and it’s just the beginning. The same technique can be applied to all kinds of portraits to get interesting results. Here is a simple portrait of my daughter that I shot indoors using the same lighting setup as shown in figure B.
Using the same post-processing technique with some additional color effects in Photoshop, I was able to achieve the following result.
As you can see that the technique holds a lot of potential for its possibilities and ease of use. Give it a shot and you will be surprised how interesting and unique your portraits will begin to look. And if you have access to a more sophisticated lighting set-up, the outcome would be astonishing. Just make sure to shoot in Raw format… always.
I hope you enjoyed the tutorial and learned something new. Now I can’t wait to see what you come up with using this technique. Try it out and share your work for suggestions. And if you have any questions, drop me a note in the comments below.
Happy shooting and processing…. GTA style!